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2015 Farsight Conservation

Sloth News Day

October 20, 2017

 

 

1.     There are six species of sloth categorised into two types; three-toed (Bradypodidae)
and two-toed (Megalonychidae)


2.      Sloths have been around on this planet for nearly 64 million years. They evolved from
ancient giant ground sloths (over 6 meters in height).


3.      Are excellent swimmers. Check out their swimming skills from BBC’s Planet Earth ll
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ctutKTrf_NY


4.      Slow : Lazy or effective survival skill? It is the latter. Due to their energy saving
adaptations, sloths physically cannot move very fast. However this works to their
advantage, as their predators detect prey via sight, the slow moving sloth is actually
very stealthy.


5.      Algae and fungi can grow on a sloth. This is an efficient form of camouflage in the
rainforest.


6.      Sloth are under threat. On the IUCN Red List the Maned sloth (bradypus torquatus) is
categorised as: Vulnerable. While the Pygmy sloth (bradypus pygmaeus) is
categorised as Critically endangered.


7.      Habitat Destruction. With deforestation and the increase in roads, farms and towns,
sloths are now dwelling in isolated segments.. Due to their highly specialised lifestyle,
sloths do not adapt well to these changes. They have become victim to power line
electrocutions, road collisions and destruction of their habitat.


8.      Human Cruelty. Unfortunately, sloths are used for pet trade and taken brutally away
from their habitats to be used in tourist photo opportunities.


9.      How to help - habitat conservation: Campaigning for underground power lines,
planting forest corridors, construction of wildlife bridges across roads and tree
surveys to ensure there are plentiful species to support sloths.


10.      How to help- education: Education programs in local and international communities
to reduce sloth pet trade and tourist photo opportunities.

 

Further Reading:
http://slothconservation.com/
http://www.slothsanctuary.com/
https://www.zsl.org/conservation/regions/americas/pygmy-three- toed-sloth- conservation
https://www.worldwildlife.org/species/sloth
http://www.iucnredlist.org/

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